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·UNGA Resolution 2758 Brooks No Challenge, and the One-China Principle Is Unshakable  (2024-05-17)
·Understand Top Chinese Buzzword: New Quality Productive Forces  (2024-04-17)
·Remarks by Consul General Guo Shaochun at the 2024 Chinese New Year Reception  (2024-02-05)
·Remarks by Consul General Guo Shaochun at the Reception in Commemoration of the 45th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and the U.S.  (2024-01-29)
·Remarks by Consul General Guo Shaochun at the Reception for Long Beach College Students to Visit China  (2023-12-05)
·Remarks at the Reception for Celebration of the 74th Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China  (2023-09-27)
·Remarks by Consul General Guo Shaochun At the Remembering Flying Tigers’ History Carrying Forward China-US Friendship Reception  (2023-09-05)
·Article by Consul General Guo Shaochun: Friendship Appeals for Cooperation, Communication Advances Trust  (2023-06-01)
·Consul General Guo Shaochun pays courtesy call on Mayor Karen Bass of Los Angeles  (2023-04-25)
·Consul General Guo Shaochun Held Reception on His Assumption of Office  (2023-04-21)
·Consul General Guo Shaochun Witnessed the Agreement Signing Ceremony between La Salle College Preparatory High School and Tsinghua University High School  (2023-04-21)
·Chinese Consulate General in Los Angeles Spokesperson’s Statement
on Tsai Ing-wen’s “Transit” Through the United States
and Her “Meeting” with US House Speaker McCarthy
 (2023-04-05)
·Remarks by the Spokesperson of Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Los Angeles: China Firmly Opposes Taiwan Region Leader Conducting “Taiwan Independence” Separatist Activities under the Pretext of “Transit” and Undermining China-US Relations  (2023-04-04)
·Remarks by Consul General Guo Shaochun
at the Lunar New Year Celebration of San Diego Zoo
 (2023-02-05)
·Consul General Arrived in Los Angeles  (2023-02-02)
·Acting Consul General Shi Yuanqiang Expresses Condolences to Monterey Park Shooting Victims  (2023-01-26)
·Remarks by Acting Consul General Shi Yuanqiang at the 2023 Chinese New Year Reception  (2023-01-17)
·Remarks by Consul General Zhang Ping at the Farewell Reception  (2022-12-15)
·Remarks by Consul General Zhang Ping at the "Meet Shanghai at CIIE" Event  (2022-10-16)
·Remarks by Consul General Zhang Ping in Celebration of the 73rd Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China  (2022-09-29)
·Remarks by Spokesperson of the Chinese Consulate General in Los Angeles on Arizona Governor’s Visit to China’s Taiwan Region  (2022-08-31)
·Consul General Zhang Ping's Remarks at the Event Marking the 50th Anniversary of Chinese Ping-Pong Team's First Visit to the US  (2022-03-25)
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UNGA Resolution 2758 Brooks No Challenge,
and the One-China Principle Is Unshakable
2024-05-17 15:00

First, the one-China principle is very clear, that is, there is but one China in the world, Taiwan is part of China, and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China.

UNGA Resolution 2758 fully reflects and solemnly reaffirms the one-China principle. Taiwan has been part of China since ancient times. This is a historical fact; it is also the international consensus. The 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Proclamation clearly stipulated that Taiwan, a Chinese territory stolen by Japan, shall be restored to China. These documents with international legal effect formed an integral part of the post-WWII international order and also established the legal foundation of Taiwan’s status as China’s inalienable territory.

In 1949, the government of the People’s Republic of China was established, replacing the government of the Republic of China as the sole legal government representing the whole of China. It was a change of government without changing China as a subject of international law. China’s sovereignty and inherent territorial boundaries did not change. Rightfully, the government of the People's Republic of China fully enjoys and exercises China’s sovereignty, including that over Taiwan. Due to continued civil war in China and the meddling of external forces, the two sides of the Taiwan Strait have fallen into a special state of protracted political confrontation. However, China’s sovereignty and territory have not been split and will never be split. Taiwan's status as part of China has not changed and will never change.

On Oct. 25, 1971, the 26th session of the U.N. General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority. It states in black and white that the General Assembly “decides to restore all its rights to the People’s Republic of China and to recognize the representatives of its Government as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations, and to expel forthwith the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organizations related to it.” The Resolution resolved once and for all the question of the representation of the whole of China, including Taiwan, in the United Nations as a political, legal and procedural issue. It made clear that there is only one China in the world and that Taiwan is a part of China, not a country. It also made clear that there is only one seat of China in the United Nations, and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal representative, precluding "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan.”

If Taiwan's status is undetermined, and if China's representation does not include Taiwan, why expel the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek? Why, for more than 50 years, has Taiwan's economic output been counted as part of China's GDP when calculating China's scale of assessment in the United Nations and many other international organizations? Why does the United States turn a blind eye to such clear facts and simple logic?

Second, the U.N. system has always observed Resolution 2758 and upheld the one-China principle in dealing with Taiwan-related issues.

Since the adoption of Resolution 2758, the U.N. and its specialized agencies, and also other intergovernmental international organizations have all adhered to it. They regard Taiwan as a province of China's and do not recognize the so-called international representation of the Taiwan authorities. The U.N. Office of Legal Affairs has issued legal opinions stating very clearly that "the United Nations considers 'Taiwan' for all purposes to be an integral part of the People's Republic of China," "the United Nations considers ‘Taiwan’ as a province of China with no separate status," "'authorities' in 'Taipei' are not considered to ... enjoy any form of governmental status," "use the term 'Taiwan, Province of China' when a reference to 'Taiwan' is required in United Nations Secretariat documents." For decades, the U.N. Secretary Generals and their spokespersons have made it clear when expressing their stance on Taiwan that the United Nations is guided by Resolution 2758 and adheres to the one-China principle.

As part of China's territory, Taiwan has no basis, reason or right to participate in the U.N. or any other international organizations where membership is exclusive to sovereign countries. Any issue concerning the Taiwan region's participation in the activities of international organizations must be handled on the basis of the one-China principle, as reaffirmed by Resolution 2758.

The principle is again confirmed in May 1972 by Resolution 25.1 of the 25th World Health Assembly (WHA), which was adopted in accordance with UNGA Resolution 2758. Hence, whether and how Taiwan participates in the WHA can only be decided by the Central Government of China. The Democratic Progressive Party authorities in Taiwan refuse to accept the "1992 Consensus" that reflects the one-China principle, and are hellbent on the separatist stance of "Taiwan independence." As a result, the political foundation for Taiwan to participate in the WHA no longer exists. This position of the Chinese government has received wide support from the international community. The WHA has rejected deliberations of Taiwan-related proposals for many consecutive years.

Third, the international community overwhelmingly abides by Resolution 2758, and fully and faithfully implements the one-China principle. Resolution 2758 is a decision made by the U.N. General Assembly and must be observed by all member states.

This is the requirement of the United Nations Charter, the written commitment made by all countries upon joining the U.N., and also an obligation that all U.N. member states must fulfill. The one-China principle is also the fundamental prerequisite and political foundation for China to establish and develop relations with all other countries. From the very first country that established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China to the 183rd country, namely Nauru, they have all made political commitment to adhering to the one-China principle, and included this commitment in political documents such as communiqués and joint statements on the establishment of diplomatic relations with China. And they have all severed the so-called "diplomatic" relations with Taiwan. This shows that the one-China principle is a universally recognized principle and represents people's sentiments and a global trend.

The world has not forgotten that during the discussions that led to UNGA Resolution 2758, a few countries tried to create “two Chinas” or “one China, one Taiwan,” and to push through a “dual representation” proposal against overwhelming opposition. Many countries had stepped forward, voicing their clear opposition and stressing that the proposal was "illegal and inconsistent with reality, justice and the principles of the U.N. Charter." In the end, the proposal failed to be put to a vote and was discarded.

Fourth, the United States must stop fudging and hollowing out the one-China principle.

Once the biggest obstacle to the normalization of China-U.S. relations, the Taiwan question had been fully resolved with the three China-U.S. joint communiqués, and there should be no difference between the understanding and policies of the two sides. In the communiqués, the United States clearly states that "the United States of America recognizes the government of the People's Republic of China as the only legal government of China" and that "the government of the United States of America recognizes China's position that there is only one China and Taiwan is part of China.”

This is the political commitment of the United States, the political foundation of China-U.S. relations, and above all, the original and true meaning of the one-China policy of the United States. However, the fact that China and the United States are still discussing the Taiwan question 45 years after the establishment of diplomatic relations is because the United States keeps violating the one-China principle and the three China-U.S. joint communiqués, and continues to interfere in China's internal affairs and obstruct China's reunification.

The United States claims that it adheres to the one-China policy, but it has added the “Taiwan Relations Act” and “Six Assurances to Taiwan” as precondition and proviso. The latter two, concocted by the United States unilaterally, fundamentally violate the one-China principle and the consensus of the international community, and have never been recognized by China.

The United States claims that it maintains unofficial relations with Taiwan, but it has arranged meetings between U.S. and Taiwan officials, signed agreements with sovereign connotations and an official nature, and provided arms and ammunition to the Chinese territory. How is this unofficial ties? President Joe Biden has pledged that the United States does not support "Taiwan independence," "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan," and does not seek to use Taiwan as a tool to contain China. Has the U.S. side honored its commitment?

Any move to reverse the course of history is doomed to fail, any effort to play the “Taiwan card” will only backfire, and any attempt to “use Taiwan to contain China” will be a dead end. With regard to UNGA Resolution 2758, the U.S. has only the obligation to strictly abide by it, but no right to arbitrarily distort it or any privilege to act as the U.S. sees fit.

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